First, recognize that study (could apply to some study ) regarding the effects of alcohol on one’s well-being, might be initiated and conducted with several degrees of bias. By way of instance, I recently noticed conflicting research data from two apparently benign sources regarding the benefits, or lack of, in alcohol consumption.
With only the information implied by the names, what take-aways should the reader be left to consider?
What is the consumer to trust? For many years I have been writing on conflicted studies relative to the benefits of drinking alcohol and wine generally. I find that the disparity in studies may have a deleterious impact on making reasoned decisions from information in these research. If you like consuming some alcoholic drinks, you’re no doubt considering the long-term consequences. But, based on endless studies covering both sides of the issue, it’s difficult to have much faith in any one research or perhaps arrive at a fair conclusion.
Most benefits of wine consumption are based around cardiovascular benefits. A French scientist analyzed wine and grape seeds/skins for decades. He was widely released relative to the anti-oxidant benefits from wine, and grape seeds specifically. “In 1985, Jack Masquelier managed to further clarify the intense and instantaneous positive effects that OPCs (an anti-oxidant compound in grape seeds/skin and wine) have on the human body when he found that OPCs neutralize free radicals, the frequent cause of degenerative conditions and premature onset of age-associated changes within the body.”
The point being; skin and seeds of grapes have high concentrations of OPC’s and while drinking wine contains some anti-oxidant values (derived chiefly from resveratrol) most are found in grape seeds and skin. In actuality, there are a few big wine producers (Gallo being one) also producing grape seed extract for the nutritional supplement industry. Also, resveratrol has been used in certain topical skin care skincare products.
I you do an online search for advantages of wine and wine by-products; the search yields are too many to count. But, can you rely on some of the research? Some is anecdotal, full of biases and predetermined findings that are targeted. It’s like chasing rainbows if a person attempts to make healthy lifestyle changes based upon trusted and potent information. We’re told to drink a great deal of water, but not to much; today, how is that denying trusted information? Alcohol consumption has been a simple fact of life long before Christ.
If past research were based on science, why do their first conclusions change so fast? He stipulated that study demonstrated that drinking coffee hardened arteries and has been harmful to kidneys. Now there are physicians that tout the anti-oxidant values of java and actually promote coffee consumption. What changed?
If one reads the headlines there are a number of problems that come to mind; largely about with how the research was conducted, and details presented. Maybe the data was badly aggregated. Just, how can we have confidence in using the information to find out if lifestyle changes are appropriate, particularly if information is faulty? Maybe we just feel that the conflicting information from the public domain is not worth much consideration.
As with this study and many surveys, there are a whole lot of caveats associated with the findings. For example:
Age disparities and dimensions of each group will impact results on precisely how significant alcohol ingestion was to the findings. In one finding, researchers assumed alcohol played a part in deaths even if the deaths weren’t primarily or even tangentially associated with alcohol.
There are geographic disparities.
Gender will affect findings.
The largest drinkers identified geographically come in the Slavic countries-Ukraine, Romania, Belarus, etc.. Here we’re talking about women and men who eat more than 4 units per day of alcohol; this is important.
The top six sufferers of those who also have alcohol are: high blood pressure, smoking, low-birth weight and early delivery, higher blood sugar (diabetes), pollution and obesity. But are not those the exact same health culprits for men and women that don’t consume alcoholic beverages? Griswold goes on to report,”a little beer, glass of wine or shot of spirits — daily, as an instance, ups the odds of developing at least one of two dozen health issues by roughly half-a-percent.” The logic here is hard to follow along with an unqualified conclusion!
To sum up, the Griswold study features 2.8 million premature deaths globally annually to booze. But they don’t specify the caveats relative to what the”pre-mature” class is based upon. As I pointed out earlier, it’s subjective when attempting to account/factor-in for family health history, ethnicity, mix of beverages (beer, wine, spirits) seasonal issues, etc..
Just because we enjoy the findings of a specific study on alcohol, doesn’t mean it’s a better study. Nevertheless, another study titled: Moderate Drinking May Protect Your Health by Health Day and released by Newsmax on August 22, 2018. This study comprised 35,000 British and French taxpayers over ten decades. However, where the French are involved in a research there should be thought to diets. Bear in mind another study from years back brought into our lexicon the term”French Paradox”? At the moment, that research turned all previous studies on their collective minds. Even then some investigators found fault with the study.
In either study I’m address in this guide, there are always factors. Listed below are a few factors that can make alcohol intake studies, conducted several decades ago, irreverent:
Individuals turning to better exercise habits in certain areas of the world and not so in others. Again, this may impact study participants .
Improved support systems for older adults because of retirement incomes, families, etc..
Reduced stress; a few of that can be credited to retirement.
Higher education degrees.
Better observation and comprehension of family health history and adapting to these variables in lifestyle changes.
Even the web makes information more accessible.
Changes in consumer preferences. There’s been a change to craft beers and spirits within the past 7 decades.
Relative to the center, it was discovered that consistent and moderate use of alcohol was crucial. (This statement isn’t consistent with the initial study.) Consistent and moderate drinking has been the important element to getting the benefits of alcohol consumption.
General findings of the Health Day study are outlined:
Consistent drinking appears to diminish cardiovascular disease.
Retirement appears to be a factor in growth alcohol intake over the moderate category.
In the long term,”non-drinkers” heart risks were noted amongst girls.
Dr. Eugenia Gianos, who directs women’s heart health at Lennox Hill Hospital in NY says,”the jury is still out about the impact of moderate drinking on a individual’s overall health.” But, Dr. Cathy Grines who directs department of cardiology at North Shore University Hospital at NY says,”the protective effects of alcohol moved away if one didn’t drink the very same amounts regularly.” “Many people believe that we’re detoxing and helping ourselves by having periods of abstinence, but that (possibly ) is a false premise.”
We now have diametrical conflicting studies; should one be right and another wrong? There appears to be even conflicting views from within the medical community. These are from primary care professionals that read the exact research as we read and are passing along lifestyle change recommendations to patients based on selected studies; possibly faulty studies. In regards to cardiologist, I’ve found some say there are several benefit to wine and spirits.
A large portion of these studies appears to be based on empirical information. But this introduces a problem:”If there are defects in how empirical data is gathered, the study won’t be regarded as valid,” state Ana Bradford in Life Science, July 27, 2017. By reading both of these studies I’ve said, as laymen, we actually aren’t equipped to understand any amount of validity in either study.
I found it interesting that on the exact same day, two reports regarding effects of alcohol on health were printed; one purporting that alcohol is wholly bad and the other discussions about the benefits of alcohol to the heart. Bottom-line, everybody should consumer research but always remember, all research has defects and as Dr. Grines states, you will find”flukes” in data. I believe there’s more research on wine and wine related products than study that definitively state’s”moderate alcohol or wine reduces life expectancy that is natural”!
We probably shouldn’t trust poll-based study as a tool to produce lifestyle changes without understanding the protocols used. The more variables there are in the management groups the more we ought to be prone to be skepticism.